Research about a stigma reduction programme, “In our own stories”, for persons in recovery
Project title: "In our own stories” – Stigma reduction programme in promoting a positive attitude towards persons in recovery in secondary school students
Purposes/Objectives/Aims: The purpose of the project was designed to promote a positive attitude towards persons in recovery of mental illness (PIR) among secondary school students using a stigma reduction programme that combines the methodology of oral history and theatre-in-education.
Project: 15 PIR were recruited for interview to collect their recovery stories. 20 PIR completed a series of drama training and performed a 50-minute theatre performance in Black Box Theatre in Kwai Tsing Theatre based on the stories collected. The whole process of theatre performance was videotaped. A total of 665 secondary school students completed this programme in either theatre performance or videotape format. Among which 153 students from 10 secondary schools were invited to view a theatre performance and attend a 1-hour workshop in school. A questionnaire that measured stigma, social distance, level of contact, and knowledge on mental illness was administered before and after the theatre performance, as well as after the post performance workshop that was conducted within 2 months after the theatre performance. 512 students from another 9 secondary schools were recruited and arranged to view a videotaped theatre performance followed by a 1-hour workshop. The same measures were administered to them before and after the programme. As well, measures on belief in recovery, self-stigma, self-esteem and self-efficacy were administered to the PIR before and after the theatre performance.
Expected and actual outcome/response: There were significant reduction in stigma (p<.00) and social distance (p<.00) towards PIR among the secondary school students after they have completed the programme by viewing the theatre performance and attending a follow-up workshop. No marked difference (p<.23) between theatre performance and videotape format in stigma and social distance towards PIR was reported. Moreover, there were significant enhancement in self-esteem (p<.01) and self-efficacy (p<.04) in PIR who were involved in theatre performance.
Benefits derived: The students showed a more positive attitude towards PIR after the programme. Also, the PIR involved in acting in the theatre performance had a higher level of self-efficacy and self-esteem.
Extent of objectives achieved: All objectives stated in the proposal were achieved.
Conclusions/Implications: This stigma reduction programme is effective in promoting a positive attitude towards PIR in secondary school students.
Yau, S., & Mak, W. (2014). "In Our Own Stories"- Stigma reduction programme in promoting a positive attitude towards persons in recovery in secondary school students (Final Rep. HCPF Project No. 04110025).
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